Faith, Grace and Happiness

Posted August 4, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Uncategorized

Crafts – new

Posted July 22, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Random

Here are a few recent jewelry making projects I have completed. Last fall, I was mostly making bracelets. Now I am focusing on whole sets (necklace, bracelet and earrings). I have also seen some cute watch faces that I can make beaded bands for, so I am thinking about trying that out in the near future.

Gale Toggle Bracelet by Crystal Howard 7/20/10

Shelly by Crystal Howard July 2010

Sophisticate Necklace/Bracelet/earrings Set by Crystal Howard, July 2010

Root Beer Float Necklace/bracelet/earrings Set by Crystal Howard 7/21/10

Hobby blog

Posted July 21, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Uncategorized

Tags: , , ,

Lately, I have spent a lot of time figuring out what makes me feel content and relaxed. I’ve decided to pare down the number of crafts/hobby activities I do in order to hopefully master and broaden my skill in one area. Jewelry making/sales has become central to my life lately and I’ve decided that beads and jewelry are my newest obsessions. So… I’m going to start blogging about adventures in jewelry making (including photos of new creations) along with my feelings and progress toward destressing (and hopefully closer to enlightenment). We’ll see if I’ve found a true calling here…

Personality theory

Posted April 30, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Uncategorized

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Had to get out this idea I had during light sleep this morning…

Person—> Reality —> near possibilities —> distant possibilities

This is a goal oriented layout of a persons perception of their future plans and goals. Especially in our society, everyone is very career and goal oriented and it becomes a large part of how we define ourselves. I want to relate this idea to the field of phenomenological psychology and compound upon it later.

I did an assignment about “the grand syntheseizer” of personality theories in psychology yesterday and it got me thinking. I would thoroughly enjoy researching and compressing my ideas of the best parts of all theorists’ personality theories into one cohesive theory. That would be an awesome book.


Posted April 27, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Random

Tags: , , , , ,

Why are purses so ugly? Maybe that’s why I didn’t like them as a teenager. I think one of my new creative projects may involve reinventing the purse/tote bag… This could be interesting! Stay tuned.

Projects currently in progress

Posted April 26, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Random

Tags: , , , ,

Spring is a time of greatly manic behavior for me. I am definitely not bipolar, but very type A and determined to find my nitch. There are not many hands-on/creative hobbies that I won’t try. Right now I am growing my own flowers and vegetables from seed (to transplant outdoors when the weather warms up), have a painting half done, beginning a king size quilt, and posting my blogs. This is in addition to my normal life which is full time work, full time college, two toddlers, the husband, house and pets. But I must like it busy.

I try to keep myself mentally grounded, even in the few moments I may have to think between all of my activities. I would very much regret becoming someone that keeps themselves busy to prevent having to “know” themself. I very much want to know myself as well as like myself. Some people have a difficult time being around me much because I am so intensely “busy” with my own things all the time (which often others do not find nearly as interesting as I do). Often people say that they wish they could do what I do, but I really don’t think that’s true. I enjoy having talent and ambition (at least that’s what I call it), but having so many choices and likes can really make your head spin!

On to my next task!

Definition of Self-Actualization

Posted April 22, 2010 by Crystal
Categories: Psychology


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Self-actualization is a term that has been used in various psychology theories, often in slightly different ways (e.g., Goldstein, Maslow, Rogers). The term was originally introduced by the organismic theorist Kurt Goldstein for the motive to realize all of one’s potentialities. In his view, it is the master motive—indeed, the only real motive a person has, all others being merely manifestations of it. However, the concept was brought to prominence in Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory as the final level of psychological development that can be achieved when all basic and mental needs are fulfilled and the “actualisation” of the full personal potential takes place.

1 Self-actualization in Goldstein’s Theory
2 Self-actualization and Maslow’s Hierarchy
3 Self Actualization in Psychology
4 See also
5 Notes
6 References

Self-actualization in Goldstein’s Theory
According to Kurt Goldstein’s book The Organism: A Holistic Approach to Biology Derived from Pathological Data in Man, self-actualization is “the tendency to actualize, as little as possible, [the organism's] individual capacities” in the world. The tendency to self-actualization is “the only drive by which the life of an organism is determined.”[1] Goldstein defined self-actualization as a driving life force that will ultimately lead to maximizing one’s abilities and determine the path of one’s life; compare will to power.

Self-actualization and Maslow’s Hierarchy
See also: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
The term was later used by Abraham Maslow in his article, A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow explicitly defines self-actualization to be “the desire for self-fulfillment, namely the tendency for him [the individual] to become actualized in what he is potentially. This tendency might be phrased as the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.”[2] Maslow used the term self-actualization to describe a desire, not a driving force, that could lead to realizing one’s capabilities. Maslow did not feel that self-actualization determined one’s life; rather, he felt that it gave the individual a desire, or motivation to achieve budding ambitions.[3] Maslow’s usage of the term is now popular in modern psychology when discussing personality from the humanistic approach.

A basic definition from a typical college text book defines self-actualization according to Maslow simply as “the full realization of one’s potential” without any mention of Goldstein.[3]

A more explicit definition of self-actualization according to Maslow is “intrinsic growth of what is already in the organism, or more accurately of what is the organism itself…self-actualization is growth-motivated rather than deficiency-motivated.”[4] This explanation emphasizes the fact that self-actualization can not normally be reached until other lower order necessities of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are satisfied. While Goldstein defined self-actualization as a driving force, Maslow uses the term to describe personal growth that takes place once lower order needs have been met.

Self-Actualised person according to Maslow “He possesses an unusual ability to detect the spurious, the fake, the dishonest in personality, and in general to judge the people correctly and efficiently”

Common traits amongst people who have reached self-actualization are:

They embrace reality and facts rather than denying truth.
They are spontaneous.
They are interested in solving problems.
They are accepting of themselves and others and lack prejudice.

For Goldstein, it was a motive and, for Maslow, a level of development; for both, however, roughly the same kinds of qualities were expressed: independence, autonomy, a tendency to form few but deep friendships, a “philosophical” sense of humor, a tendency to resist outside pressures and a general transcendence of the environment rather than “coping” with it.[6]

Self-actualization has been discussed by Schott in connection with Transpersonal business studies.

Self Actualization in Psychology
Self actualization resides at the top of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and is considered a part of the humanistic approach to personality. The humanistic approach is one of several methods used in psychology for studying, understanding, and evaluating personality. The humanistic approach was developed because other approaches, such as the psychodynamic approach made famous by Sigmund Freud, focused on unhealthy individuals that exhibited disturbed behavior.[3]

The humanistic approach focuses on healthy, motivated people and tries to determine how they define the self while maximizing their potential.[3]

Stemming from this branch of psychology is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. According to Maslow, people have lower order needs that in general must be fulfilled before high order needs can be satisfied. As a person moves up Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, eventually they will reach the summit—self actualization.[3] Maslow’s hierarchy of needs begins with the most basic necessities deemed “the physiological needs” in which the individual will seek out items like food and water, and must be able to perform basic functions such as breathing and sleeping.[7] Once these needs have been met, a person can move on to fulfilling the “the safety needs”, where they will attempt to obtain a sense of security, physical comforts and shelter, employment, and property.[7]

The next level is “the belongingness and love needs”, where people will strive for social acceptance, affiliations, a sense of belongingness and being welcome, sexual intimacy, and perhaps a family.[7] Next are “the esteem needs”, where the individual will desire a sense of competence, recognition of achievement by peers, and respect from others.[7] Some argue that once these needs are met, an individual is primed for self actualization. Others argue that there are two more phases an individual must progress through before self actualization can take place. These include “the cognitive needs”, where a person will desire knowledge and an understanding of the world around them, and “the aesthetic needs” which include a need for “symmetry, order, and beauty”.[3] Once all these needs have been satisfied, the final stage of Maslow’s hierarchy—self actualization—can take place.[7] Classical Adlerian psychotherapy promotes this level of psychological development, utilizing the foundation of a 12-stage therapeutic model to realistically satisfy the basic needs, leading to an advanced stage of “meta-therapy,” creative living, and self/other/task-actualization. Maslow’s writings are used as inspirational resources. The key to Maslows writings is understanding that there are no keys. Self Actualization is predicated on the individual having their lower deficiency needs met. Once a person has moved through feeling and believing that they are deficient, they naturally seek to grow into who they are, that is self-actualize.

See also
Psychology portal
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
Outline of self
Perfectionism (philosophy)
Power process
^ Goldstein 1995
^ Maslow, 2006 Theories of Human Motivation
^ a b c d e f Gleitman and Reisberg
^ Maslow 1987
^ Gleitman and Reisberg 2004 and Maslow, 1969
^ Reber
^ a b c d e Gleitman and Reisberg 2004 and Maslow 1969
Gleitman, Henry; Fridlund, Alan J. and Reisberg Daniel. Psychology. 6th ed. New York: Norton & Company, 2004.
Goldstein, Kurt. The Organism: A Holistic Approach to Biology Derived from Pathological Data in Man. 1934. New York: Zone Books, 1995.
Maslow, Abraham H. Motivation and Personality. 1954. Ed. Cynthia McReynolds. 3rd ed. New York: Harper and Row, Inc., 1987.
Maslow, Abraham H. The Psychology of Science. Gateway Edition 1.95 ed. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1969.
Maslow, Abraham H. “A Theory of Human Motivation.” Psychological Review 50 (1943): 370-396. 17 Oct. 2006 .
Reber, Arthur S. The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology. 2nd ed. London: Penguin, 1995.


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